melon fly life cycle

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melon fly life cycle

/ January 8, 2021

Life Cycle. Even in the south of Asia you can find a melon fly. The main danger of the melon fly is its high fecundity. Pilot project implementation sites in Mekong region. The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. The life cycle of a leaf miner has the following stages: egg, three larval instars, a pupal instar and the adult fly. During this time, one female is able to lay more than a hundred eggs. Outwardly, the melon fly is an unremarkable insect, of which many fly in the summer garden. Life History Illegal movement of fruit The female fly lays its eggs under the skin of the watermelon. Life cycle. This species of flies is extremely fertile. How to determine the appearance of a pest in the beds, Is it possible to eat melons infected with a melon fly, Homemade cucumbers on the balcony and loggia, Ogurdynya: reviews, varieties, planting and care, Processing potatoes before planting from wireworms, Pumpkin Baby, Honey Baby: description and photo, Tomato Beef Big: characteristics and description of the variety, Tomato Fatima: variety description, photos, reviews, Tomato Larisa F1: reviews, photos, productivity, Varieties of tomatoes that do not require pinching. common name: melon fly scientific name: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) Introduction - Synonyms - Distribution - Description - Life History - Damage - Hosts - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). There are total larval periods was 5.9±0.979 and 5.19 ± 0.245 days while, pupal period was 7.3 ± 0.23 and 7.03 ± 0.245 days during both the years in the month of June and July. Chemical prophylaxis of melon is also used. This is a medium-sized fly, mainly fawn yellow, less often brownish. Melon fly prefers such cucurbits as watermelon, cantaloupe, pumpkin, squash, ... these plants form an unstable resource to which the biology and life cycle of D. cucurbitae are well adapted. A photo of a melon fly is shown below. By that time, the soil temperature is warming up to +20 degrees Celsius. Here she "terrorizes" the agriculture of India and Pakistan. The nutrition of adult individuals has almost no effect on plant life, since the amount of juice they consume is negligible. Their body is cylindrical. Melon fly is found in the tropical regions of Asia, a portion of east Africa, and on some Pacific islands, including Hawaii, USA. Larvae emerge from the eggs within 48 hours. The mean Pre-oviposition period13.5±1.5 and oviposition period 18.0±6 days while, mean mating period (3±1hrs), fecundity 80.0±20 eggs/life cycle and incubation period of eggs varied from 1.25±0.25 days was observed of cucurbit fruit fly. It disperses northward annually, usually arriving in northern Florida in June and other southeastern states in July, where no more than three generations normally occur before cold weather kills the host plants. For the season is replaced by about 3 generations. In some cases, backfilling of melons helps with deterrents - ash, tobacco dust and others. Cool temperatures slow the development cycle, while warm temperatures speed it up. Varieties of melon flies live in many countries of the world with a warm climate. For these purposes, Zenith means (in concentrations of 0.25 liters per 10 liters of water) or Rapira (2 liters of solution per 1 ha) are used. Melon fly has been recovered on several occasions in California, and although it has not become established in the western hemisphere, the tropical and subtropical regions would be suitable habitat. In addition to traditional melons, watermelons and pumpkins, this pest can threaten about a hundred other plants. And after 2-4 days they hatch into larvae (maggots) and start to feed on the fruit flesh. Pupation occurs in the soil. The spring years coincide with the formation of fruits in the spring. moving up to 200 km. In total, up to 3 generations of flies can appear during the season. (2000) reported 31.27% damage on bitter gourd and 28.55% on watermelon in India. The color of the larvae is dirty yellow or off white. Studies are currently being conducted on the efficacy of various foliar insecticides to Mediterranean fruit fly, melon fly, Malaysian fruit fly, and oriental fruit fly. This pest has a relatively long life cycle and is capable of repeated reproduction during the season. The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. Fruit fly life cycle. Oviposition response of melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) to different phenolic compounds Sharma, R. and Sohal, S. K. ABSTRACT The oviposition deterrent effects of four phenolic compounds (quercetin, rutin, gallic acid and tannic acid) were investigated against the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae. The main pests are melon fly larvae. The life expectancy of adults is about two months. The lower and upper developmental thresholds for eggs were 11.4 and 36.4° C (Messenger and Flitters, … An effective remedy is the planting of frightening plants near the melon - castor oil plants or calendula. EGGS. Males do not have such sharp “teeth” on the proboscis to make holes, but they are able to find holes made by females and drink juice from them with the help of their long proboscis. bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. An insignificant amount of the vital products of the larvae, as well as the flesh damaged by them, cause mild diarrhea. Fruit fly Management TYPICAL LIFE CYCLE Fusarium wilt distances within a short time; exceptional observa-tions showed a Bactrocera sp. Melon Fly Life Cycle. The lower developmental threshold for melon fruit fly was recorded as 8.1° C (Keck, 1951). The average longevity of male was 12.74 ± 2.83 and 13.09 ± 2.37 days whereas, that of female was 15.03 ± 3.14 and 15.56 ± 2.67 days during both the years in June and July. Life Cycle A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. The first spring years of the melon fly coincides with the formation of the first fruits, although the females are capable of reproduction already on the 10th day of their life. The insect has a wide distribution range. Throughout the distribution area, it is struggling with variable success, and a person does not always triumph in it. An option for such prevention is falling asleep on the beds with a layer of wood ash. Chipku-Pheromone Eco trap with Melon Fly Bactocera Cucurbitae Lure: Melon flies have more than 80 hosts. After introduction, it can easily disperse due to its high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle of 3-5 weeks, up to 10 generations of offspring per year), and a rapid dispersal ability. Fruit fly development (life cycle) depends on temperature. In some cases, infection of large fruits can occur. The melonworm can complete its life cycle in about 30 days. Quarantine laws aimed at preventing the entry and establishment of melon flies in areas where it does not occur often reduces the export potential of locally grown crops. The Middle East also suffers from a population of these flies. Young or newly formed fruits, whose skin is still not dense, are especially vulnerable to flies. In more severe cases, slight dehydration of the body is observed. Since the pupae “mature” in the soil, weeding and loosening of the soil should be carried out regularly in order to remove the pupae to the surface, where they will be destroyed by birds or other insects. This happens if there are sufficiently deep cracks on their skin. A slightly pronounced taper is noticeable: to the posterior end, the larva can be significantly expanded. Eggs of the Baluchistan melon fly (BMF) are able to survive harsh winter conditions. Studies on culture of melon fly indicated the absence of plant traits resisting oviposition on chayote fruit. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. The duration of total life cycle was 15.5 ± 1.952 and 13.66 ± 2.482 days during 2002 and 2003 in June and July. The body length of the insect is about 0.6-0.7 cm, the wingspan is about 0.5 cm. The combination of proper melon farming techniques using chemicals is the only effective method for successfully combating this pest. Prior to its invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local consumption and some were exported to California. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 54:231-241. The African melon fly is widespread in the countries of the Mediterranean basin, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Usually, they lay their eggs as soon as the temperature rises above + 20-22 ° C. Females lay eggs in the fruit to a depth of 2-3 mm. Of plants on which they parasitize factors, and is capable of repeated during! Invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local consumption and some exported... Larva reaches a size of an “adult” larva wingspan is about 0.6-0.7 cm, the larva be... 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On life cycles given here is derived from laboratory-raised fruit flies local consumption and some were exported California...

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