They are also mixed with other ingredients to make many different foods, including soups, stews, casseroles, fish cakes, curries, pastas, omelettes, and salads. Most varieties of peas are ready to harvest 60 to 70 days after planting. When exactly peas were first discovered remains a mystery; however, there have been many speculations which suggest possible origins, including Middle Asia, specifically Burma and Thailand with expansion to Afghanistan, the eastern rim of the Mediterranean basin, and the mountainous and plateau ranges of Ethiopia. Though shelling peas are one of the most popular types of pea plant in which to grow, they are often referred to by many other names. Field peas … Try growing the following varieties: 'Green Arrow,' 'Maestro,' 'Lincoln,' and 'Tall Telephone.' I generally avoid the canned versions because of the added sugar or salt, but as I said in an earlier comment there are always frozen peas in my home. Well, actually, it's the 1st time I made a pea soup. Another advantage of peas is that they are often inexpensive to buy. ologsinquito from USA on February 15, 2014: This is a wonderful article on peas, which, if cooked right, can be delicious. Garden peas are also commonly known as English peas, shelling peas, and green peas. The plant belongs to the family Fabaceae, also known as the family Leguminosae. Green garden peas are legumes just like dried peas, except they are eaten at the immature stage. Products that are bought may have artificial color added, which can give them an unnatural, bright green appearance. There are many varieties of peas, each with its own characteristics and target markets. Pisum sativum var. Peter Henderson (1904, 263) recommended it as “the best of all the late varieties.”. All peas, even the dwarf varieties, grow best with support. Interlace untreated twine between posts to act as a trellis. Present day finds were made in Thailand that date from 11,000 years ago. It was also popular in France for this very same reason, and was known there as the nain vert petit, nain royal, and gros vert de Prusse. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 25, 2014: Thank you, ignugent17. :) You've put so much into this remarkable article. Burpee I'll try that the next time I make the soup. However, green peas are the most frequently consumed. Pick snap peas when both the peas and the pods are plump and "snap" like a fresh green bean. Do not grow it near varieties with similar seed and pod type, for there will be no way of knowing if a cross has occurred. Linda Crampton (author) … :-) Very useful. See Peas for Snap Peas, Snow Peas, and Shelling (English) Peas.. It was popular in the Middle Ages, when it was known as a pease pottage. They're quick to prepare and they're nutritious, too. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on November 04, 2015: Thank you very much, Silva. 'Prussian Blue' Answer: Vitamin C dissolves in water and is destroyed by heat, so boiling is considered to be the most harmful form of cooking with respect to the preservation of the vitamin. An insightful article, “Why Peas Boil Hard,” appeared in the Gardener’s Magazine (April 1831, 249) and explained that if peas are stored for too long, they will cook “hard,” never really softening no matter how long they are boiled. Therefore, the plant requires sturdy support. Peas are a very popular vegetable, so it's not surprising that people have written poems about them. I hope you have a good night and a great weekend! The vines were completely uncovered, a risk I took because they are said to be hardy to 20°F. The benefits are threefold: I know exactly which seeds have germinated and which have not, I can rogue out weak vines and plant more seed if necessary, and I avoid the loss of seedlings to cutworms, rabbits, and birds. Black-eyed peas: These peas are mostly sold dried, canned, or frozen, rarely fresh except in the American South, where fresh black-eyed peas can be found in some farmers’ markets. If grown in the open in rich soil, the yield can be very high, but this pea was most often grown in cold frames for production over the winter, the reason for its small size. Small crackers or biscuits may be used for a topping instead of cream. Historically, the taller sorts of peas were grown on devices called “pea sticks.” The illustration from the Gardener’s Magazine for June 1828 shows what they looked like. Vigna unguiculata Please refer to Southern Pea Cultural Notes for growing information. It may be a fun experience to trap peas as they roll around on a plate, but people should seriously consider making the vegetable part of their diet. However, as a cold-frame pea, Tom Thumb is probably one of the best, well adapted to polytunnel culture, and easily grown in large flats at table height. Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST). Several varieties of P. sativum have been bred. Three quarters of a cup of green peas contains about the same amount of protein as an egg (around six grams). Marrowfat peas are usually sold in a dried form but are sometimes sold in cans. The seeds are small and brown in 3-inch pods, somewhat resembling a horse bean. At the end of the season, just cut down the twine, pea vines and all, and toss on the compost pile. It was delicious! The poem as shown above was published in 1916 in a children's rhyme book called The Real Mother Goose. Raw peas are loaded with vitamins and minerals. Thanks for these fun and interesting facts! However, I have never known just how nutritious they are, even though I was thinking ... well, they are vegetables. Marrowfat peas bring back too many memories of primary school dinners. Nithya Venkat from Dubai on March 14, 2016: A great hub about green peas and loved your poem. Historically yellow pea varieties out yield green varieties, but the gap has narrowed with development of new green pea varieties. A bush type, it bears many pods in pairs, instead of singly. I love peas, too. Among the other culinary delights that were available at one year's festival was a pea, mint, and honey ice cream. September 10, 2013. I still enjoy the amusing aspects of peas that entertained me as a child. The observance generally centered on March 12, which on the Celtic calendar was an important station in the lunar week. Peas are grouped by harvesting time and the shape of the seeds; round peas tend to be hardier than wrinkled varieties. The list of famous Americans who grew this pea is long. Thanks for doing this hub today. Soluble fiber can help to lower the LDL cholesterol level in the blood. I can always find frozen, dried and canned peas in my local stores, and fresh peas are readily available in summer. Shelling peas was extra work compared to using prepared peas, but it was enjoyable. Fresh peas are kidney shaped and green with a bright pink eye. Thomas Jefferson grew them in 1809 at Monticello. Summer rapidly becomes too hot, and fall crops are impossible because we'd need to start the plants during unfavorably hot weather, or so the thinking goes. Packet: 14 g (1/2 oz) unless stated (approx. Thus, it is well deserving of its name. In all other respects, however, it appears to share similar features. This list includes botanical fruits such as pumpkins, and does not include herbs, spices, cereals and most culinary fruits and culinary nuts. I appreciate your visit. Girish puri from NCR , INDIA on February 17, 2014: Peas are like diamonds in the vegetables, Very useful hub. Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on February 07, 2015: Roasted peas are sold as snacks in Southeast Asia. I appreciate your comment! Yes, it is interesting that there is so much to say about peas! Discoveries have also been made in Egypt and what is today Georgia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India. Um AliciaC, very good idea. In some varieties of green pea, the pods are edible, and in others they aren't. This observation is as true now as it was then, with one further footnote: peas stored two or three years have also lost a significant portion of their nutritional value. Some varieties, including sugar peas and snow peas, produce pods that are edible and are eaten raw or cooked like green beans; they are popular in East Asian cuisines. macrocarpon) produce edible, rounded pods filled with mature pea seeds. Peas and gooseberries do not mix, but they come to season at the same time, and for just a fleeting period on the calendar, my garden is transported to eighteenth-century England. 'Champion of England' A rabbit-shaped soup tureen with its lid in place, Daderot, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain license. 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