difference between hay and silage

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difference between hay and silage

/ January 8, 2021

Hay Making: ... Silage is fed to cattle and sheep during winter months and is made by preserving the grass under naturally produced acidic conditions which effectively pickle the crop. This short video explains the difference between hay and straw. Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo, or bag. Good hay will smell fresh and sweet while good silage has a sweet, acid smell. The main challenge to ensiling haylage crops is to rapidly achieve a low pH. Schick is a Nebraska Extension educator. Grass: left over from cutting grass areas Hay: can be made using a "tedder" to dry cut grass Chaff: can be made using a special harvester Silage: ?? Straw is used for non-food purposes. not hay but straw. Can be put into bales. Silage usually refers to ensiled grain crops like corn and sorghum. Last updated Feb 12 2013. The product obtained only meets basic maintenance needs and, in rare cases, the marginal production of milk and meat. Some producers may chop right after the mower or allow for some minimal drying prior to chopping to reach a moisture content of 60-70 percent. In the feeding experiments presented on this website forage with dry matter (DM) concentrations between 50-70% are called haylage and between 35-50% are called silage. What is the difference between hay and silage? What is the difference between haylage and silage? As verbs the difference between forage and silage is that forage is to search for and gather food for animals, particularly cattle and horses while silage is to ensilage. Smell. Difference between Hay and Silage Hay 15-20% moisture Made by hollow stem crop (Lucerne, cowpea, soyabean, bajara) Dried product Dry Matter value 82% Stored as bale Silage 60-70% moisture Made by Carbohydrate rich crop (Jowar, Maize, Oat, Bajara) Fermentation product Dry The difference between silage and earlage is seen in the feed bunk. Food. The differences between legumes and grasses have been previously examined, and one study that explains this well is Kammes and Allen, 2012. It is cut, left to dry on the ground and then turned in order to ensure it is sufficiently dried. Asked by cornfield. Ok, so I'm a bit confused about all these different things. Hay tends to be harvested between the end of May and end of July, cutting dates for more natural swards likely to be later still. The amount of profit per acre for all rotations increased substantially as the price difference between corn silage and hay increased. Hay is used to feed cattle and sheep in the winter while silage is used in the winter. They have other differences. Der Feuchtigkeitsgehalt von Heu beträgt nicht mehr als 12%, während der in der Silage 40-60% beträgt. Haylage and silage are both ensiled forages, but the difference between them is moisture content. The most obvious difference between hay and haylage, is the way in which it is made. Both are technically silage. Difference Between hay and silage Ask for details ; Follow Report by Shruti1166 03.08.2019 Log in to add a comment The moisture content of hay is not more than 12% while that in the silage is 40-60%. The difference between grain bins and silos is that these containers must keep these goods dry until shipping time — as well as uncontaminated and pest-free. Hay produced on grazing land (Sahel) has the nutritive value of straw because it is harvested when the plants reach maturity. They utilized alfalfa silage and orchardgrass silage to compare passage rates as well as the rumen dynamics. Hay is food for plant-eating animals. April 21, 2020. The 4-year rotation was the most profitable for all of the price differences, between corn silage and hay, considered. Hay is often a tall field grass, usually a variety called Timothy. Healthy and balanced animal feeds are essential for livestock and poultry. There is not really much difference, except in the name and the way it is used. Because earlage has less forage in the mixture, the ratio of starch to fiber is different. "Forage silages can be separated into three groups on the basis of harvest moisture levels: 1. Should I use a different microbial inoculant on hay silage than I do on corn silage? The difference between these stored feeds relates to the moisture content at harvest time and in storage, and the amount of fermentation that takes place in storage. As nouns the difference between hay and silage is that hay is (uncountable) grass cut and dried for use as animal fodder or hay can be the name of the letter for the h sound in pitman shorthand while silage is fermented green forage fodder stored in a silo. This hay or silage may be palatable but have low feed value. Care must be taken as smelling moulds can also affect human health risk, e.g. The key difference between roughage and concentrate is that roughage is a type of animal food that contains a high content of fibre and low content of total digestible nutrients while the concentrate is a type of animal feed that contains a low amount of fibre and a high amount of total digestible nutrients.. In areas where hay drydown is a challenge, the option to place wet hay in a sealed bag provides more flexibility for hay crop storage. Many people think the round, green plastic bales dotted on the rural landscape are full of hay, but they aren't. You can even get away with feeding no hard feed when feeding hayage. Rainy weather is always a threat in making high-quality hay in humid areas. It also shows the internal workings of John Deere bailing equipment. The difference between haylage and hay is - haylage is moist, has a sweet smell and has been wrapped up once cut. Table 1 show some analyses results of 3 grass leys, which were used in feeding experiments with horses, conserved as hay, haylage and silage. Hay vs. Silage. This is sometimes referred to as the wilt stage and also may be referred to as silage. Over the next few months south coast farmers are cutting, harvesting and preserving their ryegrass bales as silage, food for hungry animals, especially cows. What is the difference between hay and sileage? nigil800 Answer has 2 votes nigil800 Answer has 2 votes. Legumes have lower contents of sugars for fermentation and strong resistance to pH drop because of high concentrations of protein, organic acids and minerals. Smell is also an indicator of good hay or silage. While distinct processes result in two different products, the terms haylage, baleage, wet hay, chop, and wilt silage often are used interchangeably in conversation. Feb 23, 2020 - The main difference between hay and silage is that the hay is grass cut and dried to use as animal fodder whereas silage is the fermented, green forage fodder stored in a silo. Vote for this answer. moulds. It does however have a higher water content then hay and therefore you need to feed MORE haylage then hay … The main difference between Red Potatoes and White Potatoes is that Red Potatoes are thin red-skinned round-shaped potatoes with less starch, whereas White Potatoes are brown-skinned oblong-shaped potatoes with a… Read the Post » Aimie Carlson. The SS balers have heavier bearings, rollers and scrapers that can handle heavier crop. Bright, sunny weather is necessary for rapid curing of the hay. With 10% dry matter shrink, the value of silage delivered to the bunk would be $38.83 per ton. Moisture retention can cause the products to spoil, but applying too much heat can facilitate shrinkage, which can decrease your profit. As nouns the difference between forage and silage is that forage is fodder for animals, especially cattle and horses while silage is fermented green forage fodder stored in a silo. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Heu und Silage besteht darin, dass das Heu aus Gras geschnitten und getrocknet wird, um es als Tierfutter zu verwenden, während Silage das fermentierte Grünfutter ist, das in einem Silo gelagert wird. This is my understanding so far: Straw: left over from wheat and barley harvest. Question #129484. Silage is quite moist and usually preferred by livestock to hay as it is more palatable and of higher food value. Dust and mould smells indicate lower quality hay or silage. Maximizing short run economic profit could cause environmental problems. Many of the differences between hay and haylage are down to the conservation process. Being clear on the method being discussed is important when attempting to produce a high-quality forage for livestock. Silage & Hay, nutritional importance and selection for Herd Published on December 13, 2014 December 13, 2014 • 10 Likes • 12 Comments Haylage means ensiled forages, made up of grass, alfalfa and alfalfa/grass mixes. In silage with the higher moisture content, the preservation of the forage is as a result of the fermentation of the sugars in the grass under anaerobic conditions. Hay is usually cut between the months of May to August, weather permitting. Originally posted Feb 12 2013 5:32 PM. Farmers who want to make "hay in a day" can bale up green wet hay can use a silage baler for this. Baleage, of course, is not new. Grass silage can be made when weather isnt favorable for making god hay. Is silage better than hay? According to the website of the North Dakota University, the difference between silage and haylage is in how far the moisture content is reduced before the ensilage process is started. They found that the diet containing orchardgrass silage had a slower passage rate for smaller fiber particles. Hay. Der Feuchtigkeitsgehalt von Heu beträgt nicht mehr als 12%, während der in der Silage … Do you know the difference between hay and silage? Delivered in the Bunk: Due to the ensiling process, corn silage will experience shrink and dry matter loss from 10% to 20% or more between when silage is packed into the silo and when it is removed to be fed. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Heu und Silage ist, dass das Heu aus Gras geschnitten und getrocknet wird, um es als Tierfutter zu verwenden, während Silage das fermentierte Grünfutter ist, das in einem Silo gelagert wird. Silage special is made to pick wet or dry hay. Ventilation and temperature systems keep the environment at the ideal equilibrium. Hay, haylage and silage can all consist of the entire herbage of forage plants, sometimes including seeds of grasses and legumes, that is harvested for livestock feed. A bale of hay and a bale of straw may look similar and may be found together in the same places, but they are very different. This results in a pH drop. It is better quality then hay, has far more nutrients and has the near enough the same goodness as grass. Good grass silage can be made during periods which arent suitable for curing hay. While haylage on the other hand tends to be cut earlier in the season (generally before mid-June). High moisture or direct cut silage at 70+ percent moisture. If the shrink loss is 20%, the value of silage would be $43.69 per ton. These forages are also typically cut at different times. This is what makes earlage more attractive to feedlots looking to fatten their cattle compared to dairies. This study looked at economic effects only. 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